Benign Breast Disease

Benign breast disease refers to a lump, cyst, or nipple discharge that is non-cancerous (benign). Most women have benign breast conditions and changes throughout their lifetime, which are not life threatening. However, some benign breast conditions are associated with future increased breast cancer risk.

There are several types of benign breast conditions. The most common include:

  • Fibroadenomas: Fibroadenomas are the most common breast lumps and are commonly seen in younger women. These benign breast lumps consist of glandular tissue and connective tissue and are typically too small to feel.
  • Fibrocystic breast changes: Fibrocystic breast changes include fibrosis and benign cysts. Areas with fibrosis tissue typically feel rubbery and firm. Cysts are fluid filled sacs that are round and movable. They may enlarge and feel tender right before your period.

In addition to breast lumps, symptoms of benign breast disease may include breast swelling or discomfort, skin changes, and nipple discharge.